Table 1

Incidence of dysmorphogenesis

TreatmentNo. of EmbryosNo. DysmorphogenicPercent
Control4712
Dorsiflexion
Nicotine 1 μM4724
Dorsiflexion
Nicotine 10 μM4549
1 Dorsiflexion
3 Open hindbrain
Nicotine 100 μM4412
Dorsiflexion
  • No significant dysmorphogenesis in any individual group or all nicotine groups together vs. control (Fisher’s exact test).