ONO-1301 is a novel prostaglandin (PG) I2 mimetic with inhibitory activity on thromboxane (TX) A2 synthase. Interestingly, ONO-1301 retains its inhibitory effect on platelet aggregation after repeated administration, while beraprost, a representative agonist for the PGI2 receptor IP, loses its inhibitory effect after repeated administration. In the present study, we intended to clarify the mechanism by which ONO-1301 escapes desensitization of an anti-platelet effect. In platelets prepared from wild-type mice, ONO-1301 inhibited collagen-induced aggregation and stimulated cAMP production in an IP-dependent manner. In addition, ONO-1301 inhibited arachidonic acid-induced TXA2 production in platelets lacking IP. Despite the decrease in stimulatory action on cAMP production, the anti-platelet effect of ONO-1301 hardly changed after repeated administration for 10 days in wild-type mice. Noteworthy, beraprost could retain its anti-platelet effect after repeated administration in combination with a low dose of ozagrel, a TXA2 synthase inhibitor. Therefore, we hypothesized that chronic IP stimulation by beraprost induces an increase in TXA2 production, leading to reduction in the anti-platelet effect. As expected, repeated administration of beraprost increased the plasma and urinary levels of a TXA2 metabolite, while ONO-1301 did not increase them significantly. In addition, beraprost could retain the ability to inhibit platelet aggregation after repeated administration in mice lacking the TXA2 receptor TP. These results indicate that TP-mediated signaling participates in platelet desensitization against IP agonists and that simultaneous inhibition of TXA2 production confers resistance against desensitization on IP agonists.
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