Phosphodiesterase 10A (PDE10A) inhibitors have therapeutic potential for the treatment of psychiatric and neurological disorders, such as schizophrenia and Huntington's disease. One of the key requirements for successful CNS drug development is to demonstrate target coverage of therapeutic candidates in brain for lead optimization in the drug discovery phase and for assisting dose selection in clinical development. Therefore, we identified AMG 580, a novel, selective small molecule antagonist with sub-nanomolar affinity for rat, primate, and human PDE10A. We showed that AMG 580 is suitable as a tracer for lead optimization to determine target coverage by novel PDE10A inhibitors using LC-MS/MS technology. [3H]-AMG 580 bound with high affinity in a specific and saturable manner to both striatal homogenates and brain slices from rats, baboons, and human in vitro. Moreover, [18F]-AMG 580 demonstrated prominent uptake by positron emission tomography (PET) in rats suggesting that radiolabelled AMG 580 may be suitable for further development as a non-invasive radiotracer for target coverage measurements in clinical studies. These results indicate that AMG 580 is a potential imaging biomarker for mapping PDE10A distribution and ensuring target coverage by therapeutic PDE10A inhibitors in clinical studies.
- The American Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics