The following studies were conducted to characterize the bron-chodilatory and antiinflammatory activity of the novel, selective phosphodiesterase-IV inhibitor, CP-80,633 (2'S)5-[3-(2'-exobicyclo[2.2.1]heptyloxy-4-methoxy-phenyl]te trahydro- 2(1H)-pyrimidone, a compound in clinical development for atopic disease. In IgG1 passively sensitized guinea pigs, aerosolized ovalbumin challenge increases both pulmonary eosinophil peroxidase levels and airway obstruction. CP-80,633, administered before ovalbumin challenge, significantly attenuated both the increase in tissue eosinophil peroxidase levels (ED50 = 1.4 mg/kg, p.o.) and airway obstruction (ED50 = 0.93 +/- 0.14 mg/kg,p.o.) 10 to 30 times more potently than theophyl-line. Intraarterially administered CP-80,633 also reversed an established bronchoconstriction initiated by continuous infusion of histamine to guinea pigs (ED50 of 8.2 micrograms/kg vs. 5.6 mg/kg for theophylline). The antiinflammatory effect of CP-80,633 was also examined in atopic monkeys challenged with Ascaris suum (Ag) aerosol. CP-80,633 (1 mg/kg, qid, s.c., 1 hr before antigen challenge) significantly reduced antigen-induced increases in bronchoalveolar lavage neutrophils (72.8 +/- 15.8% inhibition) and eosinophils (61.1 +/- 5.7% inhibition) 4 hr postchallenge, but did not reduce leukocytes 24 hr postchallenge. CP-80,633 did not inhibit antigen-induced increases in BAL levels of interleukin-1 beta, -6 or -8 as measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbant assay. These results indicate that CP-80,633 possesses bronchodilatory activity in guinea pigs and some antiinflammatory effects in both guinea pigs and monkeys.