L-754,142, (-)-N-(4-iso-propylbenzenesulfonyl)-alpha-(4-carboxyl-2-n-propy lphenoxy)-3,4- methylenedioxyphenylacetamide, is a potent nonpeptidyl endothelin antagonist (e.g., Ki: cloned human ETA = 0.062 nM: cloned human ETB = 2.25 nM), with high specificity for endothelin receptors. In vitro, L-754,142 is a potent antagonist of ET-1-induced phosphatidyl inositol hydrolysis in Chinese hamster ovary cells expressing cloned human endothelin receptors (IC50: hETA = 0.35 nM; hETB = 26 nM) and of ET-1 induced contractions in rabbit iliac artery rings (pA2 = 7.74) and rat aortic rings (pA2 = 8.7). In vivo, L-754,142 is a potent and specific antagonist of exogenously administered ET-1 or big ET-1, L-754,142 fully protects against ET-1-induced lethality in mice (AD50 = 0.26 mg/kg i.v.). The pressor response to big ET-1 in the anesthetized ferret is blocked by this compound with an ED50 value of 0.019 mg/kg i.v. L-754,142 also blocks the pressor response to big ET-1 in the conscious rat with ED50 values of 0.30 mg/kg i.v. and 0.56 mg/kg p.o. The duration of action of L-754,142 in this rat model is more than 12 hr after an oral dose of 3 mg/kg. In summary, L-754,142 is a potent, orally active ET antagonist with a long duration of action in several in vivo models.