Propoxyphene and morphine lowered hepatic glutathione and increased serum glutamic-pyruvic transaminase (SGPT) activity when administered to male mice. Maximal changes were seen at 3 to 6 hr after administration, but the effects lasted for as long as 18 hr. Morphine-induced hepatic changes potentiated both acetaminophen and cocaine-induced hepatotoxicity. Naltrexone, a narcotic antagonist, abolished the glutathione depletion produced by both propoxyphene and morphine, but did not alter the propoxyphene-induced elevations of SGPT. Naltrexone also was tested against other narcotic agonists we have previously demonstrated to be hepatotoxic. Naltrexone pretreatment of antagonized L-alpha-acetylmethadol (LAAM)-induced depletion of glutathione and elevations of SGPT. Similarly, naltrexone antagonized norLAAM-induced depletion of glutathione and elevations of SGPT, but only lessened the magnitude of the changes induced by SKF525-A. The narcotic agonists morphine, LAAM, norLAAM and propoxyphene lower hepatic glutathione and induce hepatocellular damage, but these two effects appear to be unrelated.